You are brushing your teeth as you would on a typical morning.
Sleepily, you take a glance at your toothbrush and you notice blood on your toothpaste. Then you look into the mirror, you notice your gums bleeding.
While there is no immediate reason to panic, it is good that you must know how to stop bleeding in the gums.
So if you have experienced bleeding in the gums, fret not.
I will share with you the causes of bleeding and how to stop bleeding in the gums.
What causes Gums to Bleed?
Many reasons cause our gums to bleed. The main culprit for gum bleeding is none other than plaque. This is a sticky like substance that is formed when food interact with our saliva. Bacteria starts to grow along the gum line. Within hours of build-up, plaque can still be easily removed by brushing.
However, as the layers of plaque increase, tartar which is yellowish and brownish, will be formed. This can also lead to gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. You may require treatment and improved oral hygiene to help eliminate it. If left untreated, bleeding gums and gingivitis can lead to a more serious form of gum disease called periodonitis.
Below are the main reasons for gum bleeding.
- Brushing too hard or not often enough. Inadequate brushing causes the build-up of plaque faster and that can lead to bleeding. If you brush too hard, your toothbrush may hit your gums too hard and injure your tissues in your gums, causing them to bleed.
- Using dental floss in a harsh manner, instead of being gentle when pushing down the edges of teeth. The floss cuts into the soft gums and causes bleeding. Many people reported bleeding of gums upon initial use of dental floss due to inflammation. It is still advised to continue and few weeks later, the bleeding will stop.
How You Can Stop Gums from Bleeding
Everyone gets bleeding gums every once in a while and there is really not a major concern. Most of the times, they are just consequences of poor oral habits. However, it is very easy to stop gums from bleeding when it happens. These include
- Using a soft gauze. You can use a soft gauze and press firmly on to the bleeding gums. The gauze will be able to gently stop the bleeding.
- Using an ice pack. If your bleeding is due to swelling and injury, and bleeding more than usual, you can try putting an ice pack. This will contract the blood vessels and stop the bleeding.
- Using mouthwash. Be sure to include a mouthwash in your oral routine. Mouthwashes help to reduce bacteria in the mouth and therefore reduce swelling associated with bleeding gums.
They clean areas like in-between our teeth and on the surface of our teeth in between brushing. On top of all that, it can also help to freshen our breath by killing the bacteria associated with bad breath (halitosis).
It’s important that when considering a mouthwash we choose one containing fluoride to help give our teeth that extra protection throughout the day.
- Using a salt solution. It is easy to make a simple salt solution by mixing half a teaspoon of salt with a glass of warm water. The salt can reduce inflammation and help to reduce the bleeding. Repeat up to 3 times a day. To get the most out of your saltwater solution, you can add two other ingredients: baking soda and hydrogen peroxide. They help destroy the bacteria and clean the area.
- Stop smoking. Smoking has been linked to gum disease and bad breath, in addition to lung and heart diseases. The tobacco inside the cigarettes can cause harm to your gums by destroying the nutrients that it needs.
- Reduce Stress. Too much stress is detrimental to your body including your oral health. It reduces your immunity and increases episodes of inflammation in your gums.
When you are stressed, you are likely to neglect your diet and end up snacking on unhealthy foods, and you may not take good care of your health and daily oral habits may slip.
- Stop sharing items such as toothbrushes and cups. This is because unknown to most of us, gum bleeding and gum diseases are contagious, so we need to be mindful of our personal hygiene.
- Honey. Take some raw honey on your fingertips and massage on your gums gently. Honey contains soothing properties that can be beneficial to your gums.
How to Brush Your Teeth so that Your Gums will not Bleed
If your bleeding is due to brushing too hard, you can follow the below methods to prevent bleeding of gums.
- Use a soft toothbrush. The objective is to make the soft bristles not irritate the gums and causing them to bleed. Therefore, a toothbrush with soft bristles will clean gently.
- Eating a well-balanced diet. As with all good diet advice, avoid processed food and high sugar content foods. They cause a lot of bacteria and chemicals to be retained in the mouth after eating. Instead, go for healthier options like green vegetables and eat healthy snacks instead like carrots.
I have enclosed to video to summarise how to stop bleeding in the gums.
Products that can stop gum bleeding.
Products that you are already using that can stop bleeding include fluoride toothpastes, soft bristle toothbrushes, mouthwashes which basically keep the teeth clean and reduce the chances of plaque buildup.
You could also explore additional products like essential oils. There has been a lot of additions in the market and one highly popular ingredient, calendula, commonly known as marigold, has been used to treat sore gums, and that it may be helpful in fighting plaque and gingivitis.
When is Gum Bleeding serious?
Gum bleeding, besides being a sign of early gingivitis, also can be caused by more serious health conditions such as bleeding disorders, hormonal changes or the use of blood thinner medications. Such medical conditions should be investigated with your family doctor or dentist.
A good idea is to create a healthy system that consists of the following practices. They are
- Having a good dental routine
- Change your toothbrush every 3 months
- Use a soft toothbrush
- Use a good fluoride based toothpaste
- Use a mouthwash
- Floss daily
- Stop smoking
- Have a healthy diet
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